# POWER FACTOR CALCULATOR

 Circuit 1-phase 3-phase RMS current (amps) RMS voltage (volts) Real power P (watts) Power Factor
This calculation is done based on the general formula PF=P/S, where P - watts, S=V×I - volt-amperes.

However, a three-phase (3-PH) circuit requires an additional explanation. Generally, we have to add up "P" and "S" values from all phases, where SPH=VPH×IPH. What complicate matters is that Wye configuration is usually referred to by its line-to-line voltage, which relates to phase voltage as following:
VL-L= √3×VPH. Conversely, for delta you usually know line current, which is ILINE=√3×Iph. Fortunately, for balanced loads in both cases the total apparent power can be described by the same equation:
S=3×Vph×Iph=√3×VL-L×IL.

Therefore to avoid confusion and to use a common approach, for 3ph configuration our widget uses line voltages and currents- that's what you need to enter into respective fields for RMS volts and amps.

Here is the procedure for calculation of power factor:
• Select 1PH or 3PH from the drop down menu;
• Enter RMS values of current (in amps) and voltage (in volts);
• Enter real power (watts)
• Click Calculate button

For sizing of power factor correction capacitors, see our PFC capacitor sizing.